This question is somewhat difficult to answer. In an essay, for example, of an expository nature, a particular argumentative line can be easily developed. That is, both types can be mixed, and in that case would be before an expository-argumentative essay.
If a person decides to “expose” the negative and positive effects of global warming with simple language, he may also want to argue about why investing in green energy is important.
It could be argued, therefore, that an essay can be considered “argumentative” when it aims to present a coherent and well-explained reasoning about a subject and thus to provoke the reader’s adherence to the argument he describes.
Characteristics of argumentative essay
– Presentation of a point of view based on the structure of any essay: introduction, body or content, and conclusion.
– Develop the argument in a detailed and coherent manner.
– Analysis of the pros and cons of positions or opinions related to the topic
– A conclusion intended to convince the reader of the position of the essayist.
Argumentative essays do not really constitute an enclosed type of essay. The nature of the test prevents them from being classified in totally different types.
Some authors point out that when the essay is argumentative, the primary purpose is to convince and generate controversy about the subject matter.
That is the purpose of every argument. To investigate, to analyze and to present the written one with a form to provoke a certain reaction in reader: that this one adheres or rejects what the essay proposes. To know how to structure an argumentative essay, let us analyze the following example extracted from the work “The rebellion of the masses”, by Jose Ortega y Gasset:
The components of these crowds have not come out of nowhere. Approximately, the same number of people existed fifteen years ago. After the war it would seem natural that this number should be smaller. Here we encounter, however, with the first important note. The individuals that make up these crowds pre-existed, but not as a crowd. Scattered throughout the world in small groups, or solitary, they led a life, apparently, divergent, dissociated, distant. Each – individual or small group – occupied a place, perhaps his, in the country, in the village, in the village, in the neighborhood of the great city.
Now, suddenly, they appear under the species of agglomeration, and our eyes see anywhere crowds.
Wherever? No ; Precisely in the best places, relatively refined creation of human culture, previously reserved to smaller groups, in short, to minorities. The crowd, suddenly, has become visible, has settled in the preferred places of society. Previously, if it existed, it went unnoticed, it occupied the bottom of the social scene; Now has been ahead of the batteries, she is the main character.
Although it is only a fragment, it is already possible to analyze the idea that the author wants to transmit. What is the main argument of this fragment and how the essayist sustains it? Ortega speaks of a particular “crowd”, and exposes the change that occurred in it over a period of time.
His argument develops the way in which this change has occurred and speaks of the characteristics of this social phenomenon.